Synchronized Chaos, October 2012: Nature and Society

At first glance, it might seem that modern American society—with its technology, its towering cities, and its cultural achievements—is far removed from the natural world. But is this really the case? What, precisely, are the differences between human culture and the world of the wilderness? And are there closer connections between the two than there might seem at first sight? The October 2012 issue of Synchronized Chaos takes a look at these questions. Some of the pieces in this issue deal with various characteristics of human society—art, religion, traditions, cultural differences, and more; others serve as examinations of nature, its processes, and its animal inhabitants; and still others explore the intersections between the two spheres. We think you’ll be very interested in the pieces which follow…

One particularly interesting elucidation of the links between humanity and the natural world is Sophia Kumin’s short story “Taking Ohio.” It takes place in the proverbial middle of nowhere, in the bleak beauty of Mideastern America, but into this setting comes a pair of very modern travelers, whose meeting with an unusual hitchhiker leads to unexpected difficulties for all three. The wilderness serves as a fitting backdrop for the tale’s raw exploration of human emotions.

A similar outdoor setting can be found in Josie Weidner’s poem “Landscapes,” which memorably compares the “tiles” of an open field, with their differently-shaped and shaded patches of grass, to the manufactured patterns which can be found on the kitchen floors of America’s homes. Once again, the wild and the domestic are not quite so far apart as they may seem at first sight.

Perhaps this issue’s funniest depiction of the human-nature connection comes from Loretta Breuning, whose comedy monologue “I, Mammal: How I Evolved from Lizards, Apes, and Thugs” is printed here. Taking the form of a tour guide’s spiel to the patrons of a zoo, the piece describes the behavior of elephants, monkeys, lions, and other wild beasts as being uncomfortably similar to the actions of human beings. The animal kingdom also comes up for discussion in two of this issue’s featured poems: Mykel Mogg’s “Mercy,” which features the disturbing fate of a fish at the bottom of a well and the voice of a narrator who’ll be very difficult to forget, and Bailey Van’s “The Minnow Dance,” which juxtaposes the activity of a school of glittering fish with the erotically-charged interactions of two people.

Bailey also contributes three other poems to this issue. Each of them features exquisitely-composed imagery from nature, with excellent evocations of the golden beauty of summer and the cold harshness of winter. And the world of nature is also the setting for three poems by Abigail Schott-Rosenfield, which take us through forests, fields, and mudflats. Life and death, sun and rain, fire and snow—all are depicted here with equal skill.

Each issue of Synchronized Chaos features Leena Prasad’s column Whose Brain Is It? In this month’s installment, “Rachael’s Defenses,” Leena makes a thoughtful exploration of the topic of racism, discussing the ways in which natural brain chemistry can combine with societally-created biases to lead towards (sometimes unconscious) expressions of racial prejudice.

Wherever there is life, there must also be death. It’s not always the most pleasant subject to contemplate, but death is an inexorable and inescapable part of nature, and it’s intimately explored in a few of our poems this issue. Regular author Sam Burks contributes three dark but fascinating works, and two of them explore the theme of mortality: “Death,” narrated by a living personification of its title, and “Last Meal,” which draws an unforgettable symbolic connection between the acts of murder and deception. Meanwhile, Christopher Bernard’s poem “Olympian,” at once touching and insightful, lays its scene in a graveyard and takes as its subject the memories which live on after death.

Regular poetic contributor Linda Allen takes on both halves of this issue’s theme. One of her two poems this month, “Hello Autumn,” features beautiful depictions of the arrival of fall and the constant natural cycle of the changing seasons; the other, “All Hallows Eve,” depicts a longstanding cultural tradition celebrated at the end of this month in countries around the world (often with ingenious costumes and plenty of candy!). J’Rie Elliott, another of Synchronized Chaos’ most frequently-seen poets, also takes on the subject of Halloween this month in “Meeting the Dead…”, a set of verses which combines the innocent fun of childhood with the unexpected terror of a much darker subject.

Synchronized Chaos has a number of contributors who make their home in the Bay Area, and some of this month’s pieces deal with aspects of the regional culture. Christopher Bernard, making his second appearance in this issue, was in attendance at the 21st annual San Francisco Fringe Festival in early September—one of the city’s best and most unique theatrical events. Christopher’s article features his thoughts on four representative selections from the festival’s dramatic feast. For another take on one of the most notable pieces from the festival, Angela Chang’s musical “Legacy of the Tiger Mother,” take a look at Joy Ding’s review here. We also have a feature piece on local hip hop artist Bink$ Win$ton, whose new EP “MANish” is scheduled for release soon. In this issue, we’re presenting the music video for one of his recent songs, “STOP,” which was filmed directly across the bay in Oakland.

Elsewhere in the issue, the societies of many other nations are under discussion. Georges Bizet’s masterful 1863 opera The Pearl Fishers takes place in the distant past on the island of Sri Lanka (then known as Ceylon), and Bramani Spiteri reviews a recent staging of the piece by the talented performers of Opera San Jose. Also featured is Nigerian poet and screenwriter Emmanuel Ikem Bertrand, whose essay “There’s a Land Beyond These Waters” urges its readers not to forget the multitude of cultures outside of their own horizons and reminds them of the importance of helping those in need.

Almost all lovers of literature and stagecraft know the name of Oscar Wilde, who scandalized Victorian society with the brilliance of his art and the controversy of his actions—but how many are familiar with his niece Dolly (1895-1941), an equally flamboyant figure who made her mark in the Parisian culture of the early twentieth century? Lily Sauvage’s play The Importance of Being Dolly deals with the life of this intriguing character, and in this issue we report on a cold reading of an upcoming production, attended by one of our reviewers.

Art, as Dolly Wilde’s distinguished uncle might say, is an essential feature of any society, and Noa Mendoza’s poem “Artist” deals with a theme Oscar Wilde might approve of. It takes the creative process of painting as a starting point for a compelling examination of interpersonal relationships, featuring many imaginative images—especially those dealing with color—along the way.

Another of our poems for this month is an examination of religious culture and tradition: Shanna Williams’ “Do Not Destroy,” an introspective and thoughtful piece which touches on the nature of community as well as the ethics of believing in God.

We hope you enjoy this month’s issue of Synchronized Chaos! As always, feel free to leave comments for the contributors; if you’re interested in submitting some of your work to the magazine, please send it over to

Performance Review: Joy Ding on Angela Chang’s Legacy of the Tiger Mother

Review: Legacy of the Tiger Mother

by Joy Ding

Whether you are fortunate/unfortunate enough to have your own tiger mother, or simply curious about what it’s like to have one, you’ll find plenty to satisfy you in Legacy of the Tiger Mother, a semi-autobiographical two-woman musical written by Angela Chang. In Legacy, we meet Lily (Satomi Hoffman), a first-generation Asian immigrant and her daughter Mei (Lynn Craig), a second-generation Asian-American, and get to witness the thirty-something years of their tumultuous relationship with each other, and the piano.

If you’re looking for music, Legacy fulfills its identity as a musical in more than one way. Not only are there Broadway-worthy songs such as the crowd-pleaser “Lazy White Children,” and heart-wrenching duet “Something Better,” we also get the pleasure of listening to Mei’s progression on the piano as she grows up. Chang, who plays the piano from off-stage, fully captures the full progression of Mei’s piano ability, from the stumbles and missed notes of a beginner playing Mozart’s variations on Twinkle Twinkle Little Star to the more difficult pieces Mei plays as she gains confidence and ability.

Actors Satomi Hoffman and Lynn Craig exhibit remarkable range in Legacy, under the direction of Lysander Abadia. Craig does an admirable job of portraying Mei at each age level. While the initial whininess of a young Mei is off-putting and hard to believe in “Suzuki Prayer,” by the time she sings “Little Miss 1986,” Mei has become more realistic. Paired with the wistful refrain of Little Miss 1986, a refrain strong enough to bring anyone back to childhood and the feeling of being excluded and unpopular, Craig’s breathy treatment of the song is delightful. You’d swear Craig were a metal-mouthed schoolgirl, just back from a braces retightening. Hoffmann, as Mei’s mother, captures the many facets of Lily, whether it is her fierceness and authority, her unabashed opinions about parenting and other people’s children, or her instances of uncertainty in private, when she does not have to maintain an impenetrable veneer of strength for Mei. Hoffmann is also a master of the small gesture; for instance, some cringe-worthy rhymes in “Letting Go” are all forgiven for the one transcendent moment at the end, when Lily grasps the piano and sings “she’ll always be our little girl.” In that one movement we see Lily views the piano as a partner in raising Mei, not a mere object.

Legacy, however, does fail itself in certain moments when it repeats stereotypical comedic material for easy laughs. For instance, any of the times Lily sees fit to intone a Confucian saying (“Confucius say…”), I felt my heart sag. Or, when Mei threatens a too-loud Lily by saying, “Ma, don’t make me smack you with my chopsticks.” Yes, one could argue that these moments are covered by Legacy’s billing as “a slightly exaggerated story,” but these particular exaggerations are also neither novel nor interesting. In a musical that succeeds on the strength of Chang’s ability to recreate the truth of her experience for others by creating a fictional narrative, these moments of forced humor stand out as moments of falseness.

In contrast, at the end of the musical, Lily and Mei get to have a resolution that is as emotionally resonant, truthful, and satisfying as any I’ve seen on stage. They start out bickering about their differing approaches toward parenting and end in a furious, tumultuous argument with the highest stakes possible: whether Lily has ever loved Mei. Mei contends that Lily was happy to get rid of her, citing Lily’s selling of the piano as soon as Mei left for college. Shocked, and teary-eyed, Lily tells Mei that she sold the piano because she couldn’t bear it that Mei was no longer around to play it. And the perfection of that moment of understanding, and then the moment afterwards, when Lily reaches toward Mei and you think she’s going to take Mei’s hand, but instead, she wraps her own arm around Mei’s arm — the awkward affectionate gesture of a mother and daughter who don’t touch much – is painfully recognizable. It is a gesture that I recognized with heart-breaking clarity as one that my mother has used when she’s feeling particularly emotional about being a mother, like this spring, at the end of Brave. My mother left the theatre saying: “That’s just who I am. The bear-mom who would do anything for her children.”

So, does Legacy of the Tiger Mother succeed?

Well, judging by the amount of happy people at the end of the show – some relating stories of their own childhoods, others laughing about the lyrics in “Lazy White Children,” and, yes, several Asian and Asian American mother-daughter duos walking arm-in-arm to the exit – resoundingly yes. In fact, I wish my own mother had been there to watch it with me.

This reviewer applauds the Legacy team for bringing this story to the stage, and looks forward to seeing more work from Angela Chang.


Joy Ding is a freelance writer, editor and marketer living in San Francisco. She might start playing the piano again after watching this performance. 

Rachael’s Defenses: October’s Whose Brain Is It?, a monthly neuroscience column by Leena Prasad


Rachael’s Defenses

by Leena Prasad

topic racism
region amygdala, pre-frontal cortex, temporal lobe
chemicals cortisol

This article’s primary objective is the neurobiology of the brain and not the evolutionary, psychological, and social influences that might have formed the particular brain chemistry.

Rachael walks into the dimly lit bar and scans the faces to locate her friend. Priya is not here yet. She recognizes a guy at the bar as someone she has seen before. She stares at him a little too long, so he looks up at her. But there is no sign of recognition in his face and he looks away.


A black man, whom she does not recognize, walks towards her. Rachael pulls at a handful of her blonde hair with a nervous tug. Her heart races slightly and her palms are a bit sweaty. She smiles and says hello. The guy, Paul, tells her that they have met before. Oh, right, she remembers, she says, but she does not recognize him.

Illustration by Leena Prasad

Rachael has seen Paul more often than she has seen the guy at the bar. Why does she recognize him but not Paul? There can be many factors for this discrepancy, but one of them can be a biological one. The man at the bar is white. Rachael is white. Neurosurgeon Alexandra Golby conducted a study in which she discovered that the face recognition areas in the temporal lobe are more active when people see someone of their own race. This higher activity leads to higher recall of the faces of people of their own race. Rachael’s brain is not unique in making this discrimination.

Illustration by Leena Prasad

Why does her heart race when she sees Paul? This is a slightly racist response to seeing a black man she does not recognize. But it is not a conscious one. According to studies, many white people (most of the studies have been performed on white people) show an increased activity in the amygdala when they see a black face. The degree of response varies from person to person and the intensity of the response can be matched to the degree to which the person is a racist. The racing of her heart is triggered by the higher activity in her amygdala, the area of that brain that responds to fear by activating the fight-or-flight response and places the body in a stress mode.

Priya walks in to the bar and goes towards the guy at the bar. Paul leaves Rachael and goes up to Priya and gives her a hug. Priya’s amygdala activity stays the same when she interacts with Paul or Rachael or anyone else of any race. Her mother is Japanese and her father is from Palestine. She has had an early start in being comfortable with people of different races. Environmental factors contribute significantly to a person’s racist attitudes and thus in forming the chemical patterns of their brain. This is a positive indication that racist attitudes can be changed at the biological level.

Paul is happy to get away from Rachael. She fails to recognize him despite having had several conversations with him and he feels tense around her. Her body language is aloof towards him. It could be that she does not like him but he is starting to sense that perhaps it has to do with his race. Paul is right and Rachael does have racist tendencies even though she is not a racist, per se. She has friends of other races but she is most comfortable with people of her own race and exhibits other prejudiced characteristics. Rachael’s racist response to Paul raises the cortisol, the stress hormones, in both their bodies. Thus, her response not only hurts Paul but also harms her.

If not managed properly, issues of racism can lead to unpleasant results not only for the victims but for the racist herself. If Rachael continues to think and behave in her current mode, she is setting herself up for a future of stress leading to health problems. In order to change her automatic racist responses, she will first need to become more aware of her responses and consciously work on changing them.

What can she do to change her biological response? There is another part of the brain which is also activated when a white person sees a black face. The prefrontal cortex, the region that manages information and puts a brake on the emotional responses of the amygdala, is also activated when study participants respond to a black face. This part of the brain, located in the anterior part of the frontal lobe, is involved in learning and behavior control.  Thus, conscious efforts made by a person to change their behavior can train the pre-frontal cortex to manage the amygdala-responses more effectively, and thus minimize the cortisol and any other potential side effects of racism.

Rachael does not need to know the inner workings of her brain to effect change. She just needs to understand that her behavior is counterproductive not just towards herself but towards society in general. This understanding could lead to healthier brain chemistry and a better life for herself and for others around her.



November: politics

December: neuroplasticity, the brain’s ability to change

Leena Prasad has a writing portfolio at Links to earlier stories in her monthly column can be found at

Dr. Nicola Wolfe is a neuroscience consultant for this column. She earned her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychopharmacology from Harvard University and has taught neuroscience courses for over 20 years at various universities.


1.      Smith, Jeremy A., Marsh, J., & Mendoza-Denton, R., Are We Born Racist? Beacon Press 2010.

2.      Zimmer, Carl., This is your brain on racism. Or is that liberal guilt?, Discover Magazine, November 18, 2003

3.      Miller EK, Freedman DJ, Wallis JD. The prefrontal cortex: Categories, concepts and cognition. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2002;357:1123–1136. []

“Olympian”: A poem by Christopher Bernard


By Christopher Bernard

An old man kneels
in front of a stone.

Once I was famous,
forgotten now,
handsome once,
ugly now,
alpha once,
feeble now,
wealthy once,
a poor man now—

but you loved me
from sun to sun,
and they were kind
whatever the moon,
and food and wine
are rich on my tongue,
and every summer
lilacs bloom.

I have lost
all I won.
I have no trophy
brighter than the sun,
no applause
louder than birdsong.

Still, soothing
it is to know
that winning what most
will never know,
drunk on the shouts
of the applauding crowds,
metaled, victorious,
exalted, alone,
is beautiful, is fine, is very fine,
yet small,
a crumb of sweetness
that falls from the table
like a crushed star,
almost nothing at all.

The day I was born,
the day I die,
I lose the same world
that I won.
And you I won—
it was very sweet.
Then you I lost.
And where went the triumph
in that defeat?

Winning was nothing,
nothing at all.
The only gift
that mattered here
was the gift we all
were given here.
That is our hell,
that is our heaven.
We make of it
what we can, or cannot.
From wind to wind,
you came, you went.
From same to same,
I went, and came.

The old man
bends to the stone
and kisses the carved letters of the name.

Christopher Bernard is author of the novel A Spy in the Ruins and co-editor of the
webzine Caveat Lector. His poetry blog is called “The Bog of St. Philinte.”

“I, Mammal”: A comedy monologue by Loretta Breuning


I, Mammal
How I Evolved from Lizards, Apes and Thugs
by Loretta Breuning


Welcome to Family Day at the Pleasantville Zoo. I’m Loretta and I’ll be your tour guide. I can’t wait to introduce our animals to you, so let’s get started with one of our most popular mammals, the elephants.


Elephants are matriarchal. That means they kick their boys out at puberty, and girls stay with their mothers forever. Forever! Jeez, that would’ve killed me. In the wild, it makes sense because older elephants have longer memories of where the food is. My mother had a long memory.
“You’re still doing homework? When I was your age, I washed my dress when I got home from school so it would be dry to wear in the morning. Then I made dinner for my sisters and gave them baths. On weekends, I scrubbed the floors and the bathrooms….So you’re just gonna keep doing homework!”
When I hear the word “matriarchy,” I say, “Find your own food, ladies. It’s not worth it.”
But I digress. Let’s check out more charismatic megafauna, the giraffes.


Aren’t they elegant? Giraffes are herd animals, like all the artiodactyl ungulates. Herds protect the young from predators. But life in a herd is not all warm and fuzzy. Giraffes fight. They swing their huge heads on the end of that long neck, and smash it into the chest cavity of an adversary, and they can cause a lethal cardiac arrest with one blow. Thank God my mother didn’t have a long neck.  Giraffes stick with the herd despite the conflict, and you never know when it will break out, so let’s get out of here.


This is Ophelia, our spiny monitor lizard. Reptiles are cold-blooded, as you know. I don’t mean cold-blooded in the sense of a mother who says “I hate you kids. I hate your father. I hope you all suffer the way you make me suffer.” I mean cold-blooded in the sense that they freeze to death if they don’t go out in the sun every few hours. Look, Ophelia’s basking in the sun right now.
“Don’t think I enjoy this. I risk being eaten alive by a predator every second. I rush back into hiding the instant my temperature rises.”
I know just what you mean, Ophelia. I spent most of my childhood in hiding. But my predator was so big, and my house was so small, that I could hear my mother screaming wherever I was. But I ignored it.”
“You can’t do that. You have a reptile brain under your cortex. It scans for danger all the time. Danger danger danger.”
“Speak for yourself, Ophelia. I’m really good at reading with someone screaming in the background.”


Meerkats are cooperative social animals. That’s what I’ve been trained to tell you. Wanna know what really goes on down in those burrows? No sex, except between the alpha male and the alpha female. If any other female gets knocked up, the alpha bitch kills the baby. Alpha bitch is a science term, but kids, don’t use it in the car on the way home.
When I had a baby I moved 3,000 miles away from my alpha bitch. Smart, huh?
Speaking of infanticide, let’s go see the chimps.


Female chimpanzees only have sex every five years. That’s because male chimps are not interested unless a female is ovulating, and that’s delayed by lactation for four years per child. During the long wait, male chimps fight with each other to be first in line when the fertile moment arrives. Who’s ever the big kahuna will guard the estrus female to make sure his DNA is the one that gets passed on. But he will share her with buddies – the guys who fought on his side in past battles.
“She’s a looker, huh? Yuwanna have a go? Be my guest.”
“No, Godfather. She’s yours.”
“I do you a favor, you do me a favor.”
Chimps are always fighting and making up. One minute they’re patting each other on the back and the next minute they’re biting each other’s fingers off. They remind me of the Mafia, where they whack a guy and then bring flowers to the funeral. My grandparents were from a Mafioso part of Italy, and my parents were from a Mafioso part of Brooklyn. In our family, we knew how to submit to dominant apes to avoid getting our fingers bitten off.
So I was telling you about infanticide. Sometimes the alpha chimp kills all the babies. That stops lactation so all the Moms become sexually available immediately. If he just sat on his hands instead, he could be deposed from this throne before he planted his seed, and he didn’t fight his way to the top for that! Apes don’t understand conception conceptually, of course. They just respond to the brain chemicals they inherit from their ancestors, and pass their brains on to the next generation. Those same brain chemicals are in you and you and you.
A mother chimpanzee knows how to protect her child from infanticide. She tries to mate with every male she can find, because a male chimp won’t kill the child of any female he’s had contact with. This is not easy because the alpha takes revenge if he catches a female with a lower status male. But “sneaky copulations” happen somehow- that’s what field biologists call it. We know what’s going on because of paternity tests in the wild. Now you’re probably thinking, who the heck does paternity tests in the wild? And how can I get a great job like that? Well, it’s one of the exciting career opportunities that could be yours if you get a PhD in primatology. I’d love to tell you more about chimp pimps, but we have more animals to see.


Lions have a unique family drama. Well, maybe not so unique. Female lions do most of the hunting. When they finally snag a meal after slaving over a hot savannah, the alpha male swoops in and steals it.
“I’m stuffed. Thank you, ladies. Deeelish. I left a little for you. Make sure to share it with the kids.”
That is what my grandfather did. My grandparents were always separating and getting back together, over and over. Once, they didn’t have money for my grandfather to move out, so he went to the refrigerator and drew a line down the middle.
“This is mine. This is for all yooz guys. Keep your hands off my food.” Italians call this a divorce settlement because food is all that matters.
When my mother was 12, it was her job to buy the food and cook it while her mother was working at a garment factory. She also did the budgeting to make sure the money didn’t run out before payday. She couldn’t afford meat a lot of the time. One day she came home and saw her father eating a thick ham sandwich.
“Papa, Can I have some?”
“Go ask your mother. She got money for your food. This is mine.”
My mother was always angry at her father. She was always angry at me.
Why me? What did I do?
I’m feeling a little verklempt. Talk amongst yourselves. I’ll give you a topic.
Cognitive neuroscience is neither cognitive nor a science. Discuss.
There, I’m better, and we still have time to see the tamarin monkeys.


Tamarin Monkeys
I’ve spent a lot of time here watching these critters. See that one, she’s the daughter. Last week, she found a bit of banana and I saw her run  to that corner before she put it in her mouth. Then her mother, that one there, ran after her and tried to snatch it from her mouth.
Was I seeing things? Would a mother really try to steal food from her own daughter’s mouth? I often felt like my mother was snatching the good things from me, but I didn’t dare say it because she would yell, “How dare you accuse me. You torture me all the time!” This confused me. I was confused about reality when I was growing up.
But here at the zoo, reality is clear because blood was splattered all over this cage when those two went at each other last week. Veterinarians rushed in to treat the deep puncture wounds, and the instant they turned their backs these ladies went at each other again. And that’s why you see them here in separate cages for their own protection.
No one protected me when my mother attacked. No one even noticed. Except once. A guidance counselor. He called every family my junior year of high school. He handed my mother a list of the colleges I could get into. I was thrilled because they were all sleep-away colleges. My mother did not approve of young ladies going to sleep-away college, but she was afraid to say that to the guidance counselor. And that is how I escaped from the zoo!!!
Loretta Graziano Breuning, Ph.D., is author of the books I, Mammal and Meet Your Happy Chemicals; and the blogs The Political Mammal at Independent Voter Network and Your Neurochemical Self on Psychology Today. She’s Professor Emerita of International Management at California State University, East Bay, and a Docent at the Oakland Zoo, where she leads tours on mammalian social behavior. She began focusing on the mammalian brain after lecturing worldwide on her book, Greaseless: How to Thrive without Bribes in Developing Countries, which draws on her year in Africa as a United Nations Volunteer.

Poetry from Abigail Schott-Rosenfield


We want to forgive our memories. The trees are blackened with snow. We can imagine
small pink flowers on them, the trees blackened instead by rain, and the ground streaked
with petals. Rain and snow smell a little alike, only snow is more dry, more hollowing
when breathed in. Rain is a sudden fortissimo. But we can only smell the snow.

We are followed everywhere, and even in the quietness of the deep country, the echoes
sound out our names. The water loiters around us, then slips away, calling. Even when
there is no sound, we hear ourselves spoken.

There is a flat rock in the middle of the woods where we watch stars. In the sky we see
rivers which flow differently. They stay still, but are not frozen. They expire loudly in
spheres of fire and dust.

Now it is summer again. In the night limpid flames burn through the forest. The last
figures flee, perhaps gathering their skirts, perhaps abandoning them, where they lie like
poppy petals in the flickering light.



He grazed a fencepost
on the narrow road,

the green pyramid top
glazed white in the sun
the fields are yellow with flowers

and a small woman in a limp
gray dress, his grandmother,

watches him pull up,
from her stoop,
in his big car

He brought her
yellow flowers


Mud Flats (Myth of the Weaver Girl)

Two crows pick at the muddy, dry flesh
of tiny fish washed up
along with

A pigeon’s found a mate
beneath the branch
of a gnarled, dead tree;
and the sun rolls

behind hills like moons
like a ball of yellow silk

The story
is preserved.

The lovers
ascend the stars
and cross the sky.


Abigail Schott-Rosenfield attends the Ruth Asawa School of the Arts in the Creative Writing department, and is an editor of her school’s literary journal, Umlaut. Her poetry has been published in several journals, including Snakeskin Magazine. She lives in San Francisco.

“There’s a Land Beyond These Waters”: An essay by Emmanuel Ikem Bertrand

By: Emmanuel Ikem Bertrand
from Amurri, Enugu, Nigeria

There’s a land beyond this water. You may not have paddled your way to it or stretched your
eyes enough to glimpse its travails, but there’s a land miles away from where your enticing
riches are blooming.

There are worlds confined within the walls of poverty – a name that ruthlessly obscure their
true colors from the eyes of the peering world. Poverty is more popular than the most
popular celebrity in Hollywood. So many persons fail to stop and consider that there could
be a heart-consuming pain flaming beneath the skin of that fame.

You may not have gone beyond the confinement of your riches to discover that there’s a
land in Africa, after every water that separated you from the rest of the world,
where infant mortality is no news to weep over, since it’s as familiar as the whistling of the
wind, and in most cases as certain as the coming of darkness.

You could be an African breed, knowing all her beauty and splendor. But I bet you’ve never
imagined a vast world outside your little enclosure, harboring the countless downtrodden of
this generation, who live through days without the certainty of winning a grain of rice from the
lottery of their drudges and who only have swamp or polluted waters that appease their thirst.

And of course you may never get to know the hell they pass through to get to the heaven of a
poorly equipped healthcare centre, since they dwell miles away from your don’t-approach-me
castle – where at a dial of a telephone, dozens of physicians queue to defend your life from an
accusing death.

Yet, if truly all men trace the same source, then beyond these waters dwells your poor family
whom the harsh wind of life has tossed into the dungeon of hopelessness. There, also, is your
poor village whose children perish in the hand of such conquerable diseases as Measles,
Polio, Malaria, River-blindness, and a basket full of the rest.

I know you’ve never considered it. But I thank God you’re still alive. You can yet build bridges
over these waters and link the infant souls and dreams ravished by penury to your future of
great abundance. So that the generation to come will not only celebrate your talent, wealth
and fame, but your kind heart which raised dead dreams, revived dying souls and alleviated

Believe me, there’s a land beyond any water you see, where flowering stars are falling before
their twilight. Yes, infant stars who are yet to taste the light of the sun are falling at Amurri
in Nigeria, at Soweto in South Africa, at ………….in Kenya, at ………………….. in Niger,
at ……………….in India, at …………………………. And the list is nearly as endless as
eternity. I call them “The Mirrors of the World”. Look into their eyes; whatever you behold of
yourself is exactly how you are.

You may not be able to change their life, but you can add a meaning to it. Don’t help
everyone; that will be obviously asking for the impossible. Just help someone and let’s see
where the star shall lead us.

Even when out of your Elephant Purse you lift an invaluable Ant of a gift you turn your back
and disregard the insatiable greed in men’s tongue. Whether they utilize it for your intended
course or not, you’ve played your part. Yes you have, but please, don’t turn your back till you
see a child smiling.

Sorry you tasted a piece of my heart from a bitter voice. Yet, this is not the pot of it – you
know how incapable the hands could be in interpreting the words of the heart. But beneath
the consciousness of my incapability, I believe the truth is prevalent in this tiny piece: “there’s
a land beyond this water”, which yearns to welcome your Boat.

Emmanuel Ikem Bertrand is a poet, screenwriter, motivational speaker, and Gospel enthusiast from Nigeria. He can be reached at