Historical Definition of Children’s Rights
If children’s happy laughter is heard in all countries, these countries will be brighter today and tomorrow. Children’s innocent childhood definitely needs love and attention. Unfortunately, in many troubled countries, children are increasingly deprived of the love of their parents, but in any case, children have rights.
If we look at the ancient history, there are basically three layers in the society of the states, these are the royal family, ordinary citizens and slaves. Their rights and the order of punishment also differed depending on their place in the society. It can be seen that the place of children in society is the same as that of their parents, that is, a child who is a child of a slave has the same rights and freedoms as parents, despite the fact that the punishment is severe during the offense. Although it is a code about the family, only the rights of women and men are derived from it.
We can see the first attention to children rights especially children education rights in the times of ancient Greece and the Roman Empire. Children’s education at school depends on the ability of parents to pay for education. The children of poor people do not go to school because they help their parents with household chores. The children of wealthy households attended school from the age of 6-7 and arithmetic was taught. According to the law, education is only for boys was mandatory. For most citizens, education was just that. Rich parents and their children have a private gymnasium continued their education in schools.
By the turn of the 20 century, that is, in 1989, the UN General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and it was made mandatory for the countries that signed the convention to fulfill its terms. Part 3 of the convention consists of Article 54, in which it is stated in the preamble that children have the right to care and education. In addition, it was emphasized that a child should be educated in peace, dignity, tolerance, freedom, equality and harmony in order for the child to be fully ready for an independent life in society, and that he is a child from birth to 18 years of age.
Nowadays UNICEF, known as the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund and officially the United Nations Children’s nd, is the United Nations agency responsible for providing humanitarian and development assistance to children around the world. The agency is one of the most widespread and well-known social welfare organizations in the world, operating in 192 countries and territories.
CHAROS TOSHPULATOVA was born on November 19, 2003 in Sariasia district, Surkhandarya region. She is 19 years old now . During the high-school she took IELTS certificate. After graduating from school in 2021, she was admitted to International Soonchunhyang University in South Korea on the basis of International scholarship.
Currently, she is studying at this University (SCH). Last year at the same time she took two language certificates. First, TOPIK (Test of Proficiency in Korea) level 2 and Arabic language skills certificate. In addition in 2022, she has been selected from United Nations General Assembly as a delegate the Arab Youth International Model United Nations in Dubai, United Arab Emirates for represent DIPLOMAT OF UZBEKISTAN. And this year she has been selected again to join the Best Diplomats United Nations Simulation Conference Crafting Future Leaders in the Post-Pandemic Era, 2023 in Istanbul, Türkiye.
She wants to join this conference, that’s why she is learning Turkish from her mother. Her biggest dream is to become the best diplomat by earning a master’s degree in diplomacy.