EFFICIENT EDUCATIONAL PROCESS AND TECHNOLOGIZATION OF EDUCATION
Karakalpak State University Kubeysinova Nilufar Makhmutovna
Abstract: In the article, the brief essence of pedagogical technology, innovation, innovative technologies, interactive methods in technological education is revealed. Ways to achieve the effectiveness of the educational process through technologization of education are highlighted.
The development and implementation of educational technologies as a scientific problem envisages conducting special scientific and pedagogical research. It should be noted that educational technology as a research object of pedagogy is not only a method of teaching specific subjects, but also requires a new approach to teaching social sciences. In this regard, it is worth noting that technology is is a process that leads to a quality change in the subject as a result of the effect shown by the subject on the object. Technology always provides for the execution of purposeful actions directed at the object in a certain sequence, using the necessary means and conditions.
Pedagogical technology (PT) is a social phenomenon that, as a result of the teacher’s systematic influence on students with the help of teaching tools, intensively forms predetermined social qualities in them, necessary for society. Since pedagogical technology is a social necessity, it first appeared in the USA in the 70s of the 20th century, and later it was widely used in the educational process in other developed countries. After gaining independence, scientists of Uzbekistan began to establish economic, social, political and scientific-educational relations with foreign countries.As a result, advanced and effective technologies began to enter our country. Along with this, the concept of progressive pedagogical technology in the world has also entered. V.P. Bespalko, one of the first among the CIS countries, described the need to introduce pedagogical technology into the educational process: “PT is a project of the process of forming a student’s personality, which can guarantee pedagogical success without depending on the teacher’s skills.” V. M. Monakhov, one of the Russian scientists, gives a brief definition that “PT is a system of orderly actions that lead to pre-planned results and must be performed”, and draws attention to its main features. According to his definition, “PT-technologies the educational process, increases its reproducibility and the stability of the pedagogical process, and frees it from the subjective characteristics of the executor of this process.” According to M. V. Klarin, PT is the design of the educational process based on predetermined target indicators with a technological approach to the educational process.According to Uzbek pedagogic scientists Nurali Saidakhmedov and Abdurakhmon Ochilov, PT is the process of intensive formation of predetermined personality qualities in them as a result of the teacher’s use of teaching tools to influence certain conditions on students. Pedagog scientist B.L. Farberman defines pedagogical technology as follows: PT is a new approach to the educational process, and social engineering in pedagogy is an expression of consciousness. It is a social phenomenon related to making the pedagogical process a standard based on technical capabilities and human technical thinking and creating its optimal project. In order to compare these definitions with the definitions given far abroad, we will quote the definition given by the Japanese pedagogue scientist T. Sakomoto: PT is the introduction of a systematic and complex way of thinking into pedagogy, in other words, a certain pedagogical process according to the definition of UNESCO, one of the authoritative agencies of the United Nations Organization, “PT is the design and implementation of the entire educational process, building technical and human resources in an interdependent manner in imparting and acquiring knowledge is to use the method of systematic approach”.If we analyze the mentioned definitions from a scientific and philosophical point of view, although the definitions given by foreign scientists and the definitions given by scientists of the CIS countries are close to each other, there are also significant differences. In particular, in the definitions of Sakomoto and UNESCO, special emphasis is placed on the principle of a collective approach. While the systematic approach is mentioned in the definitions given by the scientists of the CIS to PT, it can be seen that it was completely forgotten when the project of the educational process was being drawn up, and the laws and regulations of the principle of the systematic approach were not followed.
Indeed, for a person who knows well the principle of a systematic approach to objective existence, as Sakomoto says, the concept that “PT is bringing the educational process to a certain system” is enough. Through this concept, it is possible to understand all other features of PT, that is, it is goal-oriented, it consists of several interrelated parts, and others. Because all these properties, according to the theory of systems, are integral qualities of things and phenomena called systems.The new concept of acquiring knowledge in the current educational system requires the use of various methods of modern pedagogical technology. The educational process is a system. Its constituent elements are the educational goal, the expected result, the teacher, the student, the content of education, the method of education, the form of education, educational tools, control and assessment. When designing the educational process, the above elements should be selected correctly. The introduction of pedagogical technologies in the educational process leads to the activity of the teacher as an organizer or consultant. This requires the qualities of independence, creativity and willpower from the student and the teacher.
Innovation (English innovation) means innovation. Innovative technologies are the introduction of innovations and changes to the pedagogical process, the activities of teachers and students, and reasonable interactive methods are used in its implementation. Interactive – (“Inter” is mutual, “act” – to act) is to act mutually. This
the uniqueness of the methods is the joint activity of the teacher and the student. The process of pedagogical cooperation occurs:
1. The student will not be indifferent during the lesson, he will go to independent thinking, creativity and research.
2. Continuity of the student’s interest in science during the educational process is ensured.3. The student approaches the problem independently.
4. Continuity of the cooperative activity of the teacher and the student is ensured.
Pedagogical technology in the educational process is a coherent process in a clear sequence, it is a pedagogical process aimed at providing a goal-oriented, carefully planned and guaranteed result based on the needs of the student (teacher).
A teacher fulfills the social task of the society, prepares mature specialists. For this reason, the teacher must meet socio-political, pedagogical and personal requirements. Also, he believes in the name of independence, has comprehensively developed scientific thinking, has professional knowledge, is a deep expert in his field, master of pedagogical skills, has acquired pedagogical, psychological and methodological knowledge and skills, and has the ability to exert pedagogical influence. should have the ability to choose the most appropriate methods and tools. The process of pedagogical formation of a special subject teacher begins with the process of education at a higher educational institution. In the educational plans and programs of higher education institutions, the role of general technical sciences is important in teaching the secrets of this profession to the teachers of future labor education and providing scientific knowledge. General technical sciences serve to ensure technological readiness of labor education teachers. No matter how skilled a teacher of labor education may be, if he does not master technical and technological sciences well, he will not succeed in his work. Because the professional activity of a teacher of labor education is closely related to his technological training. That is why technical and technological sciences are of great practical importance in the system of training teachers of special subjects.
Conclusion: An effective solution to the problem of personnel training is, first of all, a professional who has deep knowledge of the fundamentals of psychology, pedagogy, economy, ecology, culture, law and other similar disciplines, who can meet today’s requirements, and who has comprehensive knowledge. It is related to teacher training.
1. Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Education”.
2. Ismilova Z.K. Pedagogy. Textbook. – T.: Molya-iktisod, 2008.
3. Ishmukhamedov R. and others. Innovative technologies in education. – T.: “Talent” fund of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
4. Tolipov O’.Q., Usmanboyeva M. Practical foundations of pedagogical technology. – Tashkent, 2006.