Essay from Guzal Sunnatova and Sohiba Rahmanova

Guzal Sunnatova

Murtozayev Matlubkhan
Samarkand State University

A student of the Faculty of History 

Accepted: December 15, 2021
Approved: January 15, 2022
Published: February 05, 2022

In this article, G'allaorol of Jizzakh region
located in the district, is still scientifically complete
the unexplored village of Gobdin and Father Gobdin
Some comments about the history of the shrine are made
Gobdin - Gallaorol, Jizzakh region in the southwest of the district, Nurota mountain at the foot of Gobdin Mountain located in the stream.  From the district center One of the villages located 35 km. A few on rural etymology there are views. But, clear thoughts do not meet and their most of them connection with narrations is a scientific conclusion to give complicates. Including the term "Gobdin" come pronunciation depends on the root word "gób". in this case, ancient Sogdian and modern Persian-Tajik corresponding to the word "gob" in the language "mountain" means. "Gob" was formerly "Kaufa" called [3:6]. Another similar one according to the view, both of the name "Gobdin". components - "gob" and "religion" have changed may be gone. His first  the ancient form of "gob" is based on changes губ/хуф/куф/кох/ based on the word, as we quoted above means mountain, height. Last part of the words din/diz/deh/ in the case of religion as a modified form, it is used in the sense of fortress, fortress. Name in this contained two the word too sound changed. That is, the word Gobdin high up fortress or high up means village [9: 32-33].

      Another view is among the local population connected with the narrations, they are "Gobdin" the name goes to father Gobdin. Narrative it is said that our prophet Muhammad Seven people who are the descendants of (s.a.v). among the holy fathers is also the name "Gobdin Father".There are assumptions that it was. 1. Father Gobdin 2. Father Shepherd 3. Father Nur 4. Father Savruk
5. Father Novka 6. Father Saifin 7. Father Parpi. This uncles of the holy fathers, Saad ibn Abu There are also legends that Waqqos is the father of Kazan there is. But in this case, Gobdin is a father not his real name, but a nickname, The fact that he was a judge in Samarkand for 40 years and that in order to spread the religion of Islam to the earth are said to have been sent [6]. 

This is definitely one approximate view because periodically abstraction is visible. Because, in our opinion, in Central Asia, including In relation to the institution of judiciary in Samarkand present-day Gobdin, which is nearby Islam in the villages at the foot of Mt its non-proliferation is a controversial issue. In our opinion, Gobdin and adjacent to it . The history of villages is the origin of these villages must be sought in the history of being. To Gobdin Neighboring Gumsoy (deep stream, from the riverbed flowing stream) [4:15],

Apple (-li of this object with the suffix refers to existence and abundance) [5: 38] attention to the naming of villages if given, these villages flow from the foothills along the natural spring waters formed, that is, existing at the foot of the mountain Each village has its own spring was Besides, this one at the foot of the mountain rural population is "forty" of Uzbeks belonging to the clan, almost every the village belongs to this clan consists of "balls". For example,
badal, karamoyin, boytopi, etc.

However, it should be noted here that this among the villages, only in the village of Gobdin, is the largest and oldest cemetery, far away
years are forever for those around me has been a place of residence. This is also the history of the village that it is ancient and with the name of the village the person concerned is truly Islamic that it has a great place in history confirms. Gobdin village of the 20th century
on the heads of Jizzakh, Chashma- Koriz, belonging to Yangikurgan Volost.

It is part of the rural district was close to him along with the village
Almali, Almali-Saray bulak, Gobdin, Gumsoy, Koriz, Kotal, Kotal Kazakh, Marjonbulok residential addresses names are given. 20-30s of XX century the existence of 83 yards in Gobdinand that 376 people lived in them noted [8: 22]. Also this again based on data
it can be said that 21 per yard and populationAugust of 505 Hijri (1111 AD). died in Bukhara. [2: 90-91]

4. Abulhusayn Ala ibn Muhammad Ibn Naim Ibn Is'haq Ibn Ubaidullah Ibn Hatim al-Ghobdini is the father of hadiths Muhammad ibn Naim al-Ghobdini, Khalaf Narrated by ibn al-Khayyam and Abu Ahmad ar-Razi. From all hadiths Abu Ali al-Nasafi and Abulabbas Narrated by Ja'far al-Mustagfiris.

Abulhusayn al-Ghobdini 337 Hijri He was born in 948 AD and died in 409 AD.
  (AD 1019) on January 25 died on Thursday. [2:55-56]

5. Abu Naim Hussein ibn Muhammad ibn Naim al-Ghobdini, a virtuous person of his time, one of the ascetic, pious imams,
He received his primary education in his village. Later, with the demand of science, Khorasan, Iraq, he was educated in cities like Hijaz.

In particular, Abu Salih al-Khayyam in Bukhara, Abu Sahl ar Astrabadi, Abu Amr From Muhammad al-Bukhari, Naysabur
from Abul Qasim Abdullah al-Nasawi in Baghdad, Abu Tahir in Baghdad Muhammad al-Mukhlis and Abu Hafs Umar al-Kattani heard the hadiths and wrote them down received Abulabbas hadiths from Allama Ja'far al-Mustagfiri and Qazi Abu Ali Hasan narrated by al-Nasafi. Allama in June of 341 AH (952 AD). born in 427 AH (1036 AD) died in April. [2:54]

6. Abdulwahid ibn Husain ibn Ahmad Ibn Nasr Ibn Nazar Ibn Yusuf Ibn Ubaidullah ibn Muhammad Hammad ibn Abbad ibn Yaqub ibn Ibrahim al-Ghobdini is very narrated many hadiths one of the muhaddis. In available sources the name of the scholar and what he narrated only the hadith was written down, and any of it what is his position or position in his time was born or died year is not given. [2:76)7. Abul Hasan Muhammad ibn Naim al-Katib al-Ghobdini was a secretary. Abu They learned from Muhammad al-Bukhari.
Muharram of the year 381 Hijri (99 AD). who died in [2:85]

8. Abu Ali Hasan ibn Abdullah al-Ghobdini al-Bathudani, reciter, virtuous, righteous Abu Bakr al-Baladi and those who received education from Muhammad ibn Ahmad. Muharram 491 Hijri (1099 AD). Born on the first day of the month, he died in 551 Hijri (1157 AD). [7:175]

At this point, pay attention to one consideration let's look at it. As a result of research in several places of Uzbekistan, the population referred to by the name of Gobdin addresses or community gatherings became known. These are Jizzakh region, Gallaorol district, Kashkadarya region, in the Karshi district, Samarkand
Jomboy, in the Bulungur district of the region are addresses located in the district. But, in history under the name of the above Gobdins
which of the remaining allamas exactly that he is from the village of Gobdin of the region
 is an issue that requires further research

Because it belongs to the Gobdinites seven "Jizzakh alloms" by M. Atayev cited in his book as a jizzakh. He wrote the history of Gobdin in Kashkadarya scholar Abdulkarim al-Samani regarding Gobdini of Kashkadarya past [7: 175]. Another point is that among the historical figures of the Gobdinites one is Abu Muhammad Abdullah al-Ghobdini in the biography of that person, in the village of Gobdin, Uturshona was said to have been born. It is this sign belongs to the village of Gobdin in Gallaorol
. Because in the Middle Ages
a part of the structure of Ustrshona is present. It was organized by Gallaorol district.

Secondly, you have received it so far, both in Usturshona and in the current oasis of Jizzakh another address also called Gobdin
does not occur. It can be seen that more research about the Gobdinians continue and their today Jizzakh, as cited in the literature
or Alloms of the Kashkadarya oasis to scientifically clarify that
much. The village of Gobdin is nearby with its historicity in relation to the villages stands out. Above, we are here the surrounding villagers are sacred Gobdin father's cemetery, as we mentioned already. 
This is a cemetery operated under the same name the relative antiquity of the cemetery and with my great respect, Father Gobdin.
The merit of this place is sacred and ensured that it became a shrine.
In conclusion, it should be said that this village was famous in the Islamic world in his time where scholars are born and raised, science
is developed, and of the muhaddiths we quoted above
hoki of ancestors and descendants, theirs is a saint who has reached the blessed step is one of the shrines. Supposedly, it is a shrine from the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century

[4]. This is a shrine the place of the old mosque in the area
and khanakah, some more ancient forms of tombstones also confirm. This 13 one-meter marbles with triangles Qur'anic verses and years on tombstones stands the test of time, resulting in unreadable writing
has arrived. That's why it's a tombstone, writing is difficult to read.
According to the villagers, until 1941, the roof of the house was
covered in shiny tin. Later, the center of the tin above the house
took it to the building and stuck it. The size of the old mosque is 20 meters by 12 meters organized. On the qibla side of the mosque
the thickness of the wall is 1.5 meters, the rest of the sides are 1 meter. It's been repaired four times to date.

The son of Ahmad Khan Ziya Khan led the construction by Usta Umar, Usta Adil, Usta Abbas actively participated in the mosque
as shown by the columns. 
This old mosque was active until 2010. From 1970 to 1994 the son of Mahmud Khan Mamirza served as imam in this mosque. He is the great grandfather of the author. 2010- to the current appearance of the mosque, Donokhan Haji, who led the way.

Mahmud Khan's son is a descendant of that person is considered to the mosque until 1970 Ahmad Khan Eshon, and before him Domla

A person named Kubay served as imam, and Ghaffar Eshan was the imam before Kubay. Currently, Mahmudov Sirojiddinkhan 
is imam. 

This is basically the origin of the new construction going to the village and neighboring villages' roots, ancestors settled forever aimed at the well-being of the place. Donations from generous donors
were given for the new mosque pillars in Buvai, Fergana region, from 
a group of flower craftsmen of the district. Now 250-300 people can be in the mosque at the same time performing Muslim prayers

It should be noted that this shrine is today a cultural heritage of the republic but not included in the official list. 
According to my grandfather Donokhanhoji, based on the antiquity of the shrine, no written sources have been found, based on the antiquity of the cemetery. In the ancient Arabic writing that was once in the cemetery, tombstones of the river made of limestone in different years after new graves are opened, according to custom.

According to Muslim custom since the corpse in the grave has turned into rotting soil then a new corpse can be placed on it.
In this, of course, the respect of the old corpse, carefully placing it in place, must be performed before the new body was buried on top.  Today as a result of the focus on our history, we think in the near future.

The written sources that give the history of the shrine are included in the scientific treatment, maybe an ancient one buried by time
tombstones are found.

In conclusion, it should be said that Gobdin village and related to it
the history of the father's shrine is still full of our history and are considered unexplored pages.

Studying the history of a village and shrine through the great material of our people, our homeland with its spiritual heritage,
past migrations, and cultural history, a lot of new information about the processes and ethnography is revealed.

Used literature and sources:

1. Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers dated December 5, 2014 "Historical, artistic or other cultural
a list of objects that cannot be pledged and mortgaged due to their value
Decision No. 335 on approval"// .
2. Atayev M. Jizzakh scholars. - Tashkent.: Adib, 2014. 270 p
3. Nafasov T., Nafasova V. Educational annotated dictionary of toponyms of the Uzbek language. - Tashkent: New century
generation, 2007. – 88 p.
4. Ohunov N. Interpretation of place names. - Tashkent.: Uzbekistan, 1994. - 86 p.
5. Sindorova F. Ancient Turkic toponymy of Uzbekistan (in the example of Jizzakh region). - Jizzax.:
 13. - 56 p.
6. Story by 84-year-old Tilavov Mahmud Haji of Gobdin village, Gallaorol district
done April 2016.
7. Abu Sad Abdulkarim al-Samani. Genealogy (al-Ansab). - Tashkent.: 2017. - 273 p.
8. Spisok naselennyx mest Uzbekskoy SSR, Kamarkandskaya oblast. 1925. - 53 c.
9. Tilovov T. Gubdin and Gubdinites. 2015. – 279 p.//

Authors: Guzal Sunnatova
Sohiba Rahmanova