Essay from Mashxura Maxammatova


Scientific supervisor: Ahmedova D.I.

Student of SamSIFL Maxammatova Mashhura

Abstract. In this scientific work, detailed information is given about the methods of teaching foreign languages ​​to children, their effectiveness, easy and convenient methods, how to study with children of different nationalities, and the age of learning.

Keywords: young children, educators, languages, various interesting games, interesting and effective methods, visual games, practical exercises, video lessons, cartoons, lions in different languages.

“Education is the passport to the future, because tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today,” said Malcolm X.

We know that many countries are paying a lot of attention to the education sector. Because education is the main path that leads a person to perfection and success.[4,12] There is a person who seeks   birth  the end of his life, and this shows him and his country to what extent they have little place in science. Currently, 80 percent of the world’s countries are conducting scientific research on language learning and teaching in the field of education. Among these, one of the most urgent issues is the perfect teaching of foreign languages ​​in young children. As our fathers and grandfathers used to say, “To know a language is to know a hand.” Language is the cork of society. That’s why learning a language from an early age is like learning many countries and societies. Even in this case, UNESCO is significantly showing its small role in language learning to the young generation with little actions. Also, young children are distinguished by the fact that they acquire their world views and thinking skills through language. This indicates that they are getting an effective education.

If we talk about the effect and effectiveness of learning multiple languages ​​in children at an early age, many children in the world make many friends by learning different languages, and this is beneficial for them. Especially in young children, despite the fact that they have a lot of love and desire for science, they differ in the speed of brain activity.[2,42] One of the most important parts of this field is multilingualism. In this direction, children lose a number of abilities. For example, social skills are social skills in which a student communicates with representatives of English, Russian, and French languages, and they increase their communication skills through each other’s thoughts. The second, deep thinking, helps to increase the world view and the speed of brain activity through the ability to think deeply. The more languages ​​a child learns, the more their thinking and analytical-synthesis abilities of the brain increase. It is also worth noting that they will suddenly have the opportunity to learn a new word in a difficult language. As you can see, this gives them great opportunities in language learning. As a result, their multilingual skills increase.

We all know that learning and teaching a language with methods provides many facilities for science. This allows us to organize quickly and without difficulties in a certain pattern. Nowadays, there are many principles of language teaching, they are as follows:

  1. Hearing method
  2. The method of using visual textbooks
  3. Game method
  4. Poem memorization method

Listening –this is one of the most effective methods. Children use different types of music and audio. For example, if the given topic is about the external organs of the body, they will hear and repeat the words through audio broadcasting. The visual principle also depends on this method, in which they find the parts of the body through the screen or through the teacher’s hand movements, looking at the words they hear. In addition, they conduct broadcast lessons along with video viewing .

The method of learning a language with words is considered one of the most common methods and is used by almost all countries of the world. Because the main goal of learning foreign languages ​​is to memorize words. That is why our current method is based on it. For example, in this month, there are baskets of artificial fruits, which children take one by one and say their names in different languages.

The poem memorization method is one of the most common and productive principles, which is especially useful for memorizing lyrics. If we consider this as an example in one language, you will have a clearer understanding through this. For example, when we ask young children how many days are in the month, they almost always get confused. Therefore, by memorizing the following poem, they will have complete information and knowledge.

“Thirty days have September, “, April, June and November, All the rest have thirty – one, February has twenty – eight alone.”O`ttiz kun bor sentyabr Aprel, Iyun va Noyabr, Qolganlarning hammasida o`ttiz bitta Fevralda yigirma sakkiz bor.”  

      All these principles are considered very effective and useful and are now applied to all PEI.

     What do you think are the advantages of speaking with children of different nationalities? You will find out the answer to this question through the following information. There are countries in the world that are not only made up of a few nationalities, but live in harmony with many nationalities. Currently, many parents send their children to multicultural preschools to learn languages. For example, in one PEI, young generations belonging to Uzbek, Russian, Korean, Azerbaijani, Tajik, and other nationalities are receiving education together in an educational institution and are being cared for. They are gradually enriching their world views. The most important thing is that each PEI has trainers who know several languages. A number of researches conducted on young children show that a representative of one nationality freely and friendly learns the language of a representative of another nationality without difficulty, through the actions, gestures and pronunciation of a representative of another nationality. And this gives convenience to young children. It serves for them to organize the language without fear or hesitation. It means that our future is bright and shiny.[3,53]

Education is the future!

“The right to education is one of the basic rights of a person. Education is a priority area of ​​social-economic, spiritual and cultural development of the society in the Republic of Uzbekistan.” – Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Indeed, education is one of our basic rights, and we have the right to freely use it. First of all, the age of education in Uzbekistan starts from the age of 3. “Children from 3 to 7 years old are admitted to state kindergartens. The age and order of admission to private kindergartens are determined independently by these kindergartens. – Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The goal of getting children interested in science from an early age and developing their intellectual abilities has been put forward, and the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev Miromonovich is mainly paying attention to the young generations and the facilities he is creating. Our president is creating opportunities for free education and its promotion. The relevance of the topic is that early education means opening new doors for the future. Especially in younger children, the strength of memory is different compared to older children. For example, young children who are learning a second language learn the second language quickly and easily because of the speed of their brains. That is why the implementation of education from an early age is considered the main goal and is being implemented.[1, 32]

In short, the main goal is to teach foreign languages ​​to young children in an effective way from an early age, and to make them interested in the language through interesting games – this serves to quickly and easily organize the language. This makes them a support in their development as children and representatives of the great future.


  1. Jalolov J. Chet tili o`qitish metodikasi. – T.: “Toshkent”, – 111-bet
  2. Galskova  N.D  Nikitenko  Z.N  Chet tillarni o`qitish nazariyasi va amaliyoti. Boshlang`ich maktab: uslubiy qo`llanma: – M: Airis – press 
  4. Lex uz on-line. O`zbekiston Respublikasining qonuni.