Essay from Mirsalikhova Robiya

The revival and development of national cultural heritage is the valuable treasure of Uzbekistan.

UDC: И 37.02

Mirsalixova Robiya

Mirsalikhova Robiya

Student of Uzbekistan State World Languages University

E-mail: mirsalikhovar@gmail.com

Annotation

The article is intended to examine the significance of the national self-awareness in the revival and prosperity of Uzbek culture.At the present stage of human development, marked by accelerating globalization processes, the problem of spirituality and spiritual values is more relevant than ever. Undeniably, the national self-awareness serves as a foundation to the strong revival and cultural prosperity. As socio-historical experience testifies, underestimation of spiritual heritage leads society to spiritual poverty and degradation, a crisis of culture itself. The past twentieth century has clearly demonstrated what happens to a person when he loses value guidelines and life meanings, when religion and morality as traditional carriers of spirituality gradually cease to fulfill their functions, and technogenic civilization gives rise to spiritual limitations.

Keywords: spirituality and spiritual values, national independence, social life, national self-awareness, national pride, literature and their popularization.

Spirituality is a complex and multifaceted concept.  During the reign, of Islam Karimov published a number of books, most of which were published in the 90s.  One of the valuable one is considered to be a book so-called “High Spirituality is an invincible force”. The book “High Spirituality is an invincible force” comprehensively analyzes the content of spirituality as a complex and multifaceted concept at the theoretical and practical levels[1]. It is unique to humans and covers a wide range of human activities. Spirituality represents the essence of man as a socio-cultural being.[2] It is not limited to the framework of religion, science or art, but covers all aspects of human life and permeates all forms of social life, ennobles and brings a higher meaning to everything. It is the total organic unity of such truly human traits as truthfulness, spiritual purity, conscience, honor, patriotism, love of beauty, hatred of evil, will, perseverance. Together with human qualities, spirituality also covers spiritual culture, both in a broader aspect – science, philosophy, morality, law, literature and art, education, media, customs, traditions, and in a narrow sense – religion and spiritual practice itself – worship, cult, religious rituals, religious art.[3]

After gaining national independence and state sovereignty, profound internal changes began in the political and economic life of the republic. Transformation processes covered almost all aspects of life in the republic. A special role in the process of formation of civil society belongs to the revival of spirituality. Thus, immediately after the declaration of independence in Uzbekistan, the strengthening and development of the sphere of spirituality of the people was recognized as a priority direction for building a legal democratic civil society in the republic, along with the economy. In the process of transition to a market economy, the national-historical features of the way of life, customs and traditions of the people were taken into account.

Thus, from the first days of independence, the revival of spiritual values by the country’s leadership became the most important task, raised to the level of state policy, and began to be considered as an organic, natural process of growth of national self-awareness, a return to the spiritual origins of the people, their roots. Thanks to independence, the opportunity arose to study and revive the spiritual heritage of our great ancestors. Events dedicated to their anniversaries were held jointly with UNESCO. [4]For example, in September 1991, the republic widely celebrated the 550th anniversary of the founder of the Uzbek literary language, Alisher Navoi. In honor of this event, the Institute of Language and Literature of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan was named after Alisher Navoi, the State Prize named after Alisher Navoi was established, and such works as “Lison ut-tair”, “Sabayi Sayyor”, “Farhad and Shirin” were published. , “Leili and Majnun”, “Khairat-ul Abror”, films and stage productions were created[5].

Folk art is not only one of the spheres of traditional culture, but also one of the most important components of spiritual heritage. Its revival contributes to the improvement of society, its self-organization and self-regulation in the process of transferring cultural values, experience, knowledge from one generation to another, affects the moral and psychological climate in society, providing its development with an optimistic orientation, stipulating the steady progress of social relations that contribute to the harmonious development of free personality in the conditions of independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan. With independence, folk art became one of the main factors in the revival, development and strengthening of the spiritual foundations of a renewing society.

It should be especially noted that, starting from 2017, issues of culture and cultural values have become the highest priority in state policy. Currently, in our country, on the basis of the Action Strategy for five priority areas of development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017–2021. Large-scale transformations are being carried out in all areas and industries. At the same time, special attention is paid to further strengthening noble values and traditions in our lives. In accordance with the adopted Strategy, practical steps are being taken to develop culture, art, literature and the media. At the initiative of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, work aimed at in-depth research into the unique cultural heritage of our people, establishing interfaith and intercivilizational dialogue, widespread propaganda of educating young people in the spirit of humanistic ideas and national pride has been strengthened and expanded on a large scale. Thus, one of the first resolutions signed by Shavkat Mirziyoyev as President was the resolution on the widespread celebration of the 80th anniversary of the birth of the outstanding poet and writer Erkin Vakhidov, who made a great contribution to the development of Uzbek literature and culture.[6]

A special resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated September 13, 2017 “On the program of comprehensive measures to develop the system of publishing and distributing book products and improving the culture of reading” was also adopted. [7]They are aimed at solving such important problems as high-quality publishing of books, timely delivery of book products at reasonable prices to places, including educational institutions, translation of the best examples of national and world literature, developing in the younger generation from early childhood a love of books and skills reading e-books, increasing the reading culture in our society. Attention is paid to posting on the Internet the best works of classics of Uzbek and world literature and their popularization, as well as ensuring accessibility for a wide range of readers.

The cultural policy of the state, based on the humanization of artistic life, the establishment in various spheres of art of freedom of creativity, free choice of themes and artistic means of expression, as well as the multi-vector nature of cultural relations and the entry of Uzbekistan into the world cultural space had a positive impact on the processes of revival and development of artistic culture republics.

References.

Mirsalikhova Robiya Timurovna. (2024). Islam Karimov as a daring initiator and confident catalyst of conducive alterations in Uzbekistan. Zien Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 28, 1–5. Retrieved from https://zienjournals.com/index.php/zjssh/article/view/4899

 Эркаев А. Духовность – энергия независимости. Ташкент: Маънавият, 2001.

Ҳакимов А. Искусство Узбекистана: история и современность. Ташкент: San’at. 2010

Каримов И.А. Высокая духовность – непобедимая сила. Т., «Узбекистан», 2008

https://ia-centr.ru/experts/iats-mgu/uzbekistan-v-mezhdunarodnoy-perspektive-partnery-i-ozhidaniya/

https://www.orexca.com/rus/uzbekistan/tashkent/museum_literature.htm

https://ru.sputniknews-uz.com/culture/ 20161207/4329756/prazdnovanie-dr-erkina-vohidova.html

https://president.uz/ru/lists/view/1029


[1] Mirsalikhova Robiya Timurovna. (2024). Islam Karimov as a daring initiator and confident catalyst of conducive alterations in Uzbekistan. Zien Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 28, 1–5. Retrieved from https://zienjournals.com/index.php/zjssh/article/view/4899

[2] Эркаев А. Духовность – энергия независимости. Ташкент: Маънавият, 2001.

[3] Каримов И.А. Высокая духовность – непобедимая сила. Т., «Узбекистан», 2008

[4] https://ia-centr.ru/experts/iats-mgu/uzbekistan-v-mezhdunarodnoy-perspektive-partnery-i-ozhidaniya/

[5] https://www.orexca.com/rus/uzbekistan/tashkent/museum_literature.htm

[6] https://ru.sputniknews-uz.com/culture/ 20161207/4329756/prazdnovanie-dr-erkina-vohidova.html

[7] https://president.uz/ru/lists/view/1029

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